The shapes are hand forged copper sheet that has been hammered, tooled and given a long patina bath. The patina bath gave these a lovely finish. Very earthy and unique. They are wire wrapped at the top. They have an artistic flair. They measure approx. with wires- 2 1/8 inches. All pieces are lovingly fabricated by ME???? (with help from a few pair of pliers, a couple of my favorite hammers & my handy pair of shear cutters).